Works from the Brain Institute


Olson, J. A., Lifshitz, M., Raz, A., & Veissière, S. P. (2020). Super placebos: A feasibility study combining contextual factors to promote placebo effects. PsyArXiv. December26.

Landry, M., Da Silva Castanheira, J., Sackur, J., Raz, A. (Accepted). Investigating how the modularity of visuospatial attention shapes conscious perception using type 1 and type 2 signal detection theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. Applying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model☆,☆☆. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 92(2021), 104053.

Landry M, Da Silva Castanheira J, Sackur J, & Raz A, Difficult Turned Easy: Suggestion Renders a Challenging Visual Task Simple, Psychological Science (in press).

Landry, M, Da Silva Castanheira, J., Milton, D., Raz, A. (In Press). Suggestion alters automaticity: Hypnotic alexia through a proactive lens. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Olson, J. A., Suissa-Rocheleau, L., Lifshitz, M., Raz, A., & Veissiere, S. P. (2020). Tripping on nothing: placebo psychedelics and contextual factors. Psychopharmacology, 1-12.


Mudrik, L., Levy, D. J., Gavenas, J., & Maoz, U. (2020). Studying volition with actions that matter: Combining the fields of neuroeconomics and the neuroscience of volition. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7(1), 67–86.

Olson, J. A., Artenie, D. Z., Cyr, M., Raz, A., & Lee, V. (2020). Developing a light-based intervention to reduce fatigue and improve sleep in rapidly rotating shift workers. Chronobiology international37(4), 573-591.

Maoz, U., Yaffe, G., Koch, C., & Mudrik, L. (2019). Neural precursors of deliberate and arbitrary decisions in the study of voluntary action. Elife, 8, e39787.

Krol, S. A., Thériault, R., Olson, J. A., Raz, A., & Bartz, J. A. (2020). Self-Concept Clarity and the Bodily Self: Malleability Across Modalities. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin46(5), 808-820.

Oh, J., Yun, K., Maoz, U., Kim, T. S., & Chae, J. H. (2019). Identifying depression in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data using a deep learning algorithm. Journal of affective disorders257, 623-631.

Maoz U and Listead E. (2019) Brain imaging and artificial intelligence, in Raz A. and Thibault R., (Eds). The Dark Side of Brain Imaging. Elsevier Press.

Maoz, U., Sita, K. R., Van Boxtel, J. J., & Mudrik, L. (2019). Does it matter whether you or your brain did it? An empirical investigation of the influence of the double subject fallacy on moral responsibility judgments. Frontiers in psychology10, 950.


Landry, M., Stendel, M., Landry, M., & Raz, A. (2018). Hypnosis in palliative care: from clinical insights to the science of self-regulation. Annals of Palliative Medicine7(1), 125-135.

Schurger, A. (2018). Specific relationship between the shape of the readiness potential, subjective decision time, and waiting time predicted by an accumulator model with temporally autocorrelated input noise. Eneuro5(1). https://10.1523/ENEURO.0302-17.2018

Thibault, R. T., Veissière, S., Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2018). Treating ADHD with suggestion: neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics. Journal of Attention Disorders.

Hill, B., Brown, R., Gabel, E., Lee, C., Cannesson, M., Loohuis, L. O., … & Sankararaman, S. (2018). Preoperative predictions of in-hospital mortality using electronic medical record data. bioRxiv, 329813.

Evers, A. W., Colloca, L., Blease, C., Annoni, M., Atlas, L. Y., Benedetti, F., … & Crum, A. J. (2018). Implications of placebo and nocebo effects for clinical practice: expert consensus. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics87(4), 204-210.

Thériault, R., & Raz, A. (2018). Patterns of bronchial challenge testing in Canada. Canadian Journal of Respiratory Therapy: CJRT= Revue Canadienne de la Thérapie Respiratoire: RCTR54(2). https://10.29390/cjrt-2018-006

İşcan, Z., Schurger, A., Vernet, M., Sitt, J. D., & Valero-Cabré, A. (2018). Pre-stimulus theta power is correlated with variation of motor evoked potential latency: a single-pulse TMS study. Experimental Brain Research236(11), 3003-3014.

Thibault, R. T., Veissière, S., Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2018). EEG-Neurofeedback and the Correction of Misleading Information: A Reply to Pigott and Colleagues. Journal of attention disorders1, 2.


Lifshitz, M., Sheiner, E. O., Olson, J. A., Thériault, R., & Raz, A. (2017). On suggestibility and Placebo: A follow-up study. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis59(4), 385-392.

Marchesotti, S., Martuzzi, R., Schurger, A., Blefari, M. L., del Millán, J. R., Bleuler, H., & Blanke, O. (2017). Cortical and subcortical mechanisms of brain‐machine interfaces. Human brain mapping38(6), 2971-2989.

Lifshitz, M., Thibault, R. T., Roth, R. R., & Raz, A. (2017). Source localization of brain states associated with canonical neuroimaging postures. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience29(7), 1292-1301.

Schurger A (2017) The Neuropsychology of Free Will, in The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness, S. Schneider & M. Velmans Eds., John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, UK.

Olson, J. A., Jeyanesan, E., & Raz, A. (2017). Ask the pendulum: personality predictors of ideomotor performance. Neuroscience of consciousness2017(1), nix014.


Landry, M., & Raz, A. (2016). Heightened States of Attention: From Mental Performance to Altered States of Consciousness and Contemplative Practices. Intellectica66(2), 139-159.

Gale, S., Prsa, M., Schurger, A., Gay, A., Paillard, A., Herbelin, B., … & Blanke, O. (2016). Oscillatory neural responses evoked by natural vestibular stimuli in humans. Journal of neurophysiology115(3), 1228-1242.

Olson, J. A., Landry, M., Appourchaux, K., & Raz, A. (2016). Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic. Consciousness and Cognition43, 11-26.

Landry, M., & Raz, A. (2016). Neurophysiology of Hypnosis. In G. R. Elkins (Ed.), The clinician’s guide to Medical and Psychological Hypnosis: Foundations, Systems, Applications, and Professional Issues (pp. 19-25). New York: Springer.

Webb, T. W., Igelström, K. M., Schurger, A., & Graziano, M. S. (2016). Cortical networks involved in visual awareness independent of visual attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences113(48), 13923-13928.


Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2015). Hypnotic ability and baseline attention: fMRI findings from Stroop interference. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice2(2), 134.

Harris, C. S., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2015). Acupuncture for chronic pain? Clinical wisdom undecided despite over 4000 years of practice. The American journal of medicine128(4), 331-333.

Schurger, A., Kim, M. S., & Cohen, J. D. (2015). Paradoxical interaction between ocular activity, perception, and decision confidence at the threshold of vision. PloS one10(5), e0125278.

Sheiner, E. O., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2016). Placebo response correlates with hypnotic suggestibility. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice3(2), 146.


Raz, A., & Wolfson, J. B. (2010). From dynamic lesions to brain imaging of behavioral lesions: Alloying the gold of psychoanalysis with the copper of suggestion. Neuropsychoanalysis12(1), 5-18.

King, J. R., Gramfort, A., Schurger, A., Naccache, L., & Dehaene, S. (2014). Two distinct dynamic modes subtend the detection of unexpected sounds. PloS one9(1), e85791.

Ali, S. S., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2014). Empirical neuroenchantment: from reading minds to thinking critically. Frontiers in human neuroscience8, 357.

Greenfield, B., Henry, M., Lis, E., Slatkoff, J., Guilé, J. M., Dougherty, G., … & Mishara, B. L. (2015). Correlates, stability and predictors of borderline personality disorder among previously suicidal youth. European child & adolescent psychiatry24(4), 397-406. https://10.1007/s00787-014-0589-9


Demacheva, I., Aubert Bonn, N., Lucero, S., Ladouceur, M., & Raz, A. (2012). Le rôle des facteurs développementaux dans la détermination de la responsabilité morale chez les jeunes: une étude pilote évaluant les opinions d’experts légaux et cliniques. Criminologie45(2), 187-218. error has occurred

Schurger A, Cowey A (2013) Blindsight, in Encyclopedia of the Mind, H. Pashler Ed., Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA.

Raz, A. & Oksenhendler, R. (2013). Paying Attention to Michael Posner. PsycCRITIQUES–Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 58(3).

Maoz U and Yaffe G, Neuroscience and the Law (2013), in Gazzaniga et al. (Eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience, The Biology of Mind 4th Edition, Norton & Company, 1025-1033

King, J. R., Faugeras, F., Gramfort, A., Schurger, A., El Karoui, I., Sitt, J. D., … & Cohen, L. (2013). Single-trial decoding of auditory novelty responses facilitates the detection of residual consciousness. Neuroimage83, 726-738.

Lifshitz, M., Cusumano, E. P., & Raz, A. (2014). Meditation and hypnosis at the intersection between phenomenology and cognitive science. In Meditation–Neuroscientific Approaches and Philosophical Implications (pp. 211-226). Springer, Cham.

Chung, D., Raz, A., Lee, J., & Jeong, J. (2013). Computational modeling of the negative priming effect based on inhibition patterns and working memory. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience7, 166.

Maoz, U., Rutishauser, U., Kim, S., Cai, X., Lee, D., & Koch, C. (2013). Predeliberation activity in prefrontal cortex and striatum and the prediction of subsequent value judgment. Frontiers in neuroscience7, 225.


Demacheva, I., Ladouceur, M., Steinberg, E., Pogossova, G., & Raz, A. (2012). The applied cognitive psychology of attention: a step closer to understanding magic tricks. Applied Cognitive Psychology26(4), 541-549.

Lifshitz, M., Howells, C., & Raz, A. (2012). Can expectation enhance response to suggestion? De-automatization illuminates a conundrum. Consciousness and Cognition21(2), 1001-1008.

Raz, A. (2012). From neuroimaging to tea leaves in the bottom of a cup. Critical neuroscience: A handbook of the social and cultural contexts of neuroscience, 265-272.

Raz, A., & Wolfson, J. B. (2012). From dynamic to behavioural lesions: The relative merits and caveats of elucidating psychoanalysis with brain imaging. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Maoz, U., Ye, S., Ross, I., Mamelak, A., & Koch, C. (2012). Predicting action content on-line and in real time before action onset–an intracranial human study. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp. 872-880).


Raz, A., Campbell, N., Guindi, D., Holcroft, C., Déry, C., & Cukier, O. (2011). Placebos in clinical practice: comparing attitudes, beliefs, and patterns of use between academic psychiatrists and nonpsychiatrists. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry56(4), 198-208.

Campbell, N. K., Blinderman, I. M., Lifshitz, M., & Raz, A. (2012). Converging evidence for de-automatization as a function of suggestion. Consciousness and cognition21(3), 1579-1581.

de Jong, V., & Raz, A. (2011). Sub-Therapeutic doses in the treatment of depression: the implications of Starting low and going Slow. The Journal of Mind-Body Regulation1(2), 73-84.

Raz, A., Lamar, M., Buhle, J. T., Kane, M. J., & Peterson, B. S. (2007). Selective biasing of a specific bistable-figure percept involves fMRI signal changes in frontostriatal circuits: A step toward unlocking the neural correlates of top-down control and self-regulation. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis50(2), 137-156.


Schurger, A., Pereira, F., Treisman, A., & Cohen, J. D. (2010). Reproducibility distinguishes conscious from nonconscious neural representations. Science327(5961), 97-99. https://10.1126/science.1180029

Raz, A., Marinoff, G. P., Zephrani, Z. R., Schweizer, H. R., & Posner, M. I. (2004). See clearly: Suggestion, hypnosis, attention, and visual acuity. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis52(2), 159-187.

Raz, A. (2007). Genetics and neuroimaging of attention and hypnotizability may elucidate placebo. Intl. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis56(1), 99-116.


Maoz, U., Berthoz, A., & Flash, T. (2009). Complex unconstrained three-dimensional hand movement and constant equi-affine speed. Journal of neurophysiology101(2), 1002-1015.

Giordano, J. J., & Gordijn, B. Differentiating Neuroethics From Neurophilosophy.

Raz, A., & Bowles, E. (2009). Exploring posttraumatic stress disorder in the light of neuroscience. PsycCRITIQUES54(43).

Raz, A. (2009). Anomalous Cognition. In Kendrick Frazier (Ed.), Science Under Siege: Defending Science Exposing Pseudoscience (pp. 268-274). New York: Prometheus Books.

Flash T, Maoz U and Polyakov F (2009) Arm Trajectory Formation, in Binder MD, Hirokawa N, Windhorst U and Hirsch MC (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Springer

Raz, A., & Whatley, B. (2009). Consciousness reduced: Will neuroscience confine the mind to the brain?. Sciences1013, 83-91.

Raz, A. (2009). Varieties of Attention: A Research-Magician’s Perspective. In G. Bernston and J. Cacioppo (Eds.), Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioural Sciences (pp. 361-369). Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Raz, A., & Zigman, P. (2009). Emergent effects of investigating the human brain. Behavioral Neuroscience7(4), 297-308.

Raz, A. (2009). What is a randomized controlled trial for the Canadian Institutes of health Research?. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry54(6), 425-426.

Raz, A., & Whatley, B. (2009). Consciousness reduced: Will neuroscience confine the mind to the brain?. Sciences1013, 83-91.


Raz, A., & Guindi, D. (2008). Placebos and medical education. McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM11(2), 223.

Raz, A., Raikhel, E., & Anbar, R. D. (2008). Placebos in medicine: Knowledge, beliefs, and patterns of use. McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM11(2), 206.

Raz, A., & Schwartzman, D. (2008). Using eye movements to elucidate human behavior. language8(6), 535-543.

Raz, A. (2008). Meeting of minds on anomalous cognition. Skeptical Inquirer, 32(4), 36-43.

Pollick, F. E., Maoz, U., Handzel, A. A., Giblin, P. J., Sapiro, G., & Flash, T. (2009). Three-dimensional arm movements at constant equi-affine speed. Cortex45(3), 325-339.

Raz, A., Hines, T., Fossella, J., & Castro, D. (2008). Paranormal experience and the COMT dopaminergic gene: A preliminary attempt to associate phenotype with genotype using an underlying brain theory. cortex44(10), 1336-1341.


Egner, T., & Raz, A. (2007). Cognitive control processes and hypnosis. Hypnosis and conscious states: The cognitive neuroscience perspective, 29-50.


Zhu, H., Xu, D., Raz, A., Hao, X., Zhang, H., Kangarlu, A., … & Peterson, B. S. (2006). A statistical framework for the classification of tensor morphologies in diffusion tensor images. Magnetic Resonance Imaging24(5), 569-582.

Raz, A., & Buhle, J. (2006). Typologies of attentional networks. Nature Reviews Neuroscience7(5), 367-379. https://doi:10.1038/nrn1903

Raz, A., Moreno-Íniguez, M., Martin, L., & Zhu, H. (2007). Suggestion overrides the Stroop effect in highly hypnotizable individuals. Consciousness and Cognition16(2), 331-338.

Raz, A. (2006). Individual differences and attentional varieties. Europa Medicophysica42(1), 53.

Raz, A., & Fabrega, H. (2006). From repression and attention to culture and automaticity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences29(5), 530.

Raz, A. (2005). Attention and hypnosis: neural substrates and genetic associations of two converging processes. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis53(3), 237-258.

Raz, A. (2006). Could certain frequencies of electromagnetic waves or radiation interfere with brain function? Scientific American Mind, 29(4), 82.


Raz, A., Lieber, B., Soliman, F., Buhle, J., Posner, J., Peterson, B. S., & Posner, M. I. (2005). Ecological nuances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): psychological stressors, posture, and hydrostatics. Neuroimage25(1), 1-7.

Maoz, U., Portugaly, E., Flash, T., & Weiss, Y. (2006). Noise and the two-thirds power law. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp. 851-858).

Xu, D., Raz, A., Bansal, R., Zhu, H., Hao, X., Kangarlu, A., & Peterson, B. Fiber Connection Density Map Based on Diffusion Tensor Image Data.

Raz, A. (2005). Recent Perspectives on Tourette’s Syndrome: Breakthrough Genetics, a Broadway Musical, and an Educational Documentary.

Lamar, M., & Raz, A. (2005). Neuropsychological Assessment of Attention and Executive Functionning. In S. Ayers (Ed.), Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health & Medicine, (2nd ed. pp. 290-294). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Moreno-Iñiguez, M., & Raz, A. (2005). Atypical attention. An alternative to pharmacological treatment for children and adolescents based on suggestion, motivation, and expectation. Revista De Psiquiatría Infanto-Juvenil, 22(3), 64-73.

Raz, A., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2005). Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences102(28), 9978-9983.

Gondry, M., Raz, A., & Paasivirta, M. (2005). The Science and Fiction of Memory Removal. Psyccritiques50(42). https://10.1037/04087512

Gondry, M., Raz, A., & Paasivirta, M. (2005). The Science and Fiction of Memory Removal. Psyccritiques50(42). https://10.1037/04087512


Raz, A., Marinoff, G. P., Landzberg, K. S., & Guyton, D. L. (2004). Substrates of negative accommodation. Binocular vision & strabismus quarterly19(2), 71-74.

Raz, A., & Norman, K. L. (2004). A social psychologist illuminates cognition. Behavioral and brain sciences27(5), 673.

Raz, A., Fossella, J. A., McGuiness, P., Zephrani, Z. R., & Posner, M. I. (2004). Neural Correlates and Exploratory Genetic Associations of Attentional and Hypnotic Phenomena. Hypnose und Kognition: The official Journal of the Milton Erickson Society for Clinical Hypnosis, 2, 79-92.

Raz, A. (2004). Attention. In C. Spielberger (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (pp. 203-208). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Science Academic Press.

Raz, A. (2004). Atypical attention: Hypnosis and conflict reduction. In Posner M. I. (Ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention (pp. 420-429). New York: Guilford Press.

Raz, A. (2004). Neural substrates of attention. In G. Adelman & B. H. Smith (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp). New York: Elsevier Science.

Gersten, A., Perle, J., Heimer, D., Raz, A., Fried, R. (2004). Probing Brain Oxygenation Waveforms with Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS). In T. Theophanides (Ed.), Infrared Spectroscopy, Life and Biomedical Sciences (pp. 111-132). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech.

Raz, A., Zephrani, Z. R., Schweizer, H. R., & Marinoff, G. P. (2004). Critique of claims of improved visual acuity after hypnotic suggestion. Optometry and Vision Science81(11), 872-879. https://10.1097/01.OPX.0000145032.79975.58

Donchin, O., & Raz, A. (2004). Where in the brain does the forward model lurk?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences27(3), 402.

Nieuwenhuis, S., Yeung, N., Holroyd, C. B., Schurger, A., & Cohen, J. D. (2004). Sensitivity of electrophysiological activity from medial frontal cortex to utilitarian and performance feedback. Cerebral Cortex14(7), 741-747.


Raz, A., Deouell, L. Y., & Bentin, S. (2001). Is pre‐attentive processing compromised by prolonged wakefulness? Effects of total sleep deprivation on the mismatch negativity. Psychophysiology38(5), 787-795.

Fan, J., Raz, A., & Posner, M. I. (2003). Attentional Mechanisms. In Aminoff, M. J., Daroff, R. B. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Neurological Sciences (pp. 292-299). New York: Elsevier Science.

Raz, A., Landzberg, K. S., Schweizer, H. R., Zephrani, Z. R., Shapiro, T., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2003). Posthypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference under cycloplegia. Consciousness and cognition12(3), 332-346.

Raz, A., & Donchin, O. (2003). A zetetic’s perspective on gesture, speech, and the evolution of right-handedness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences26(2), 237-238.


Raz, A., & Shapiro, T. (2002). Hypnosis and neuroscience: a cross talk between clinical and cognitive research. Archives of General Psychiatry59(1), 85-90. https://doi:10.1001/archpsyc.59.1.85

Cheour, M., Martynova, O., Näätänen, R., Erkkola, R., Sillanpää, M., Kero, P., … & Savela, J. (2002). Speech sounds learned by sleeping newborns. Nature415(6872), 599-600.

Fan, J., McCandliss, B. D., Sommer, T., Raz, A., & Posner, M. I. (2002). Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. Journal of cognitive neuroscience14(3), 340-347.

Raz, A., Shapiro, T. (2002). Hypnosis and Neuroscience. CH Hypnose, The official journal of The Medical Society of Hypnosis (SMSH) and The Clinical Hypnosis Society (SHypS), 2(12), 4-16.

Raz, A., Shapiro, T., Fan, J., & Posner, M. I. (2002). Hypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference. Archives of General Psychiatry59(12), 1155-1161. https://10.1001/archpsyc.59.12.1155